Varicose veins may have a different location. Veins suffer not only in the lower extremities, but also in the pelvic region. Varicose veins of the lips are formed against the background of failures in venous circulation, which often occurs during pregnancy. However, any woman is at risk of contracting a pathology in the presence of adverse factors. To eliminate the disease, doctors resort to drug therapy and surgical intervention.
The veins of the female genital organs are deformed due to the weakness of the vessel walls and the insufficiency of the venous valves. Varicose veins in the vagina or labia are usually hereditary.
Pregnancy is the main trigger. Having a child is accompanied by hormonal imbalance, weight gain, decreased motor activity and other phenomena that cause blood flow problems. The perineum begins to swell and knots form.
In other women, varicose veins are caused by:
- excessive weight;
- prolonged use of hormonal drugs;
- heavy physical exertion;
- inflammatory processes in Organs pelvic organs;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- stand up during the workday;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- regular constipation;
- harmful addictions (smoking, drinking alcohol).
The presence of a large number of reasons why varicose veins of the female genital organs can form must be the reason for a more attentive attitude to their own health.
If clinical signs of the disease appear, you should immediately consult a doctor for further studies and the indication of appropriate treatment.
Varicose veins in the area of the lips look almost the same as the defeat of the vessels of the lower extremities. On examination, it is easy to diagnose problems with the veins.
They change in size, become wrinkled, acquire a bluish tinge. You may also notice spider veins and lumps protruding under the skin.
In addition to visual changes, genital varicose veins in women are accompanied by:
- pain at the site of pathology;
- itching, burning;
- feeling of distention.
Discomfort is exacerbated when a woman deals with physical exertion, enters into sexual intimacy, or goes to the bathroom. Such sensations negatively affect mood, causing severe irritability.
Varicose veins begin with the formation of a small lump in the genital area.
Over time, the nodules appear more, their size changes, while the patient is unable to sit, walk or have sex normally. The skin of the perineum becomes dry and pigmented. If a woman is pregnant, the pains intensify as much as possible before delivery.
Varicose veins, regardless of location, can lead to dangerous consequences.
Varicose veins formed on the lips can turn into:
- an increase in blood viscosity;
- venous thrombosis;
- loss of vascular integrity, if delivery occurs with varicose veins of the lips, which can lead to significant blood loss and even death of the woman in labor.
If the part of the genitals that is involved during childbirth is not particularly affected by venous disease, it is quite possible that the baby will be born naturally. With significant damage to the vagina, the patient is prepared for a cesarean section.
Signs of varicose veins are detected quite easily. By probing, the woman herself can determine the presence of pathology. But to make a diagnosis, it is necessary to pass an examination.
In order to receive qualified assistance, the patient must consult a gynecologist and phlebologist, if necessary, it will be necessary to make an appointment with an angiosurgeon.
Initially, the specialist performs an external examination of the external genitals, asks about the symptoms and takes a history.
Diagnosis also includes:
- general blood test;
- Vascular ultrasound.
The treatment plan is designed taking into account the research data.
Lip varicose veins treatment
To deal with the pathology, the patient is given medication for internal and external use. If pregnancy is the cause of varicose veins, the condition usually goes away after delivery. While a woman is carrying a baby, it is rarely possible to get rid of the disease.
Therapy for varicose veins involves, first of all, the use of venotonics, and it is important that the treatment is prescribed by a phlebologist.
A list of drugs is also displayed:
- antiplatelet agents;
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
- drugs with analgesic effect.
Taking ascorbic acid and tocopherol will normalize blood flow, reduce blood viscosity, and increase the elasticity of the venous walls.
One of the effective methods of treating the disease is the introduction of a sclerosant into the venous lumen, which helps to push the blood and narrow the vessel. After sclerotherapy, the diseased vein loses its function and blood circulation is carried out through healthy vessels.
Effective and correct therapy will help to reduce the severity of the clinical symptoms of the disease and stop the development of the pathological process.
With the ineffectiveness of conservative methods, there is a need for surgical intervention. Vaginal varicose veins are eliminated with the help of phlebectomy, radiofrequency or laser coagulation. Surgical treatment is not excluded if the symptoms of varicose veins do not disappear after delivery.
Patients with varicose veins are advised to wear compression stockings - panties or tights that support the pelvis. Panties are worn over underwear, which must be made of natural fabrics.
Pantyhose are used for prophylaxis, as damage to vessels in the lower extremities often causes varicose veins of the labia or vagina. The attending physician will help determine medical mesh options.
To obtain good results in the treatment of the pathology, in addition to taking medication, one cannot do without changing the usual lifestyle. It is worth giving up harmful addictions that destroy health, including plant foods in the diet, walking outdoors more often and getting enough rest.
Damage to the venous vessels of Organs pelvic organs can be avoided if attention is paid to prevention. Knowing the factors that can cause the disease, care must be taken to ensure that their influence is minimal or completely absent.
The pathological process can be prevented by:
- preventive examinations at the gynecologist;
- wear comfortable shoes and underwear made of natural materials;
- regular walking;
- exclusion from the diet of foods that cause problems with bowel movements;
- baths with the addition of sea salt;
- doing physical exercises.
Doctors also advise donating blood for a coagulogram at least once a year.
A timely appeal to the doctor if you suspect varicose veins of Organs genitals is the key to a successful cure of an insidious disease. It is important to remember that the maximum therapeutic effect can only be achieved when the use of medication is complemented by the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle.